Activities & Lessons
Sentence or not a
One of the first things
I try to teach my students is to recognize sentences. They learn
that sentences express a complete idea. Here are some
exercises that will help them recognize sentences.
student make two cards (one will say SENTENCE and the other will
say NOT A SENTENCE). The teacher then reads phrases aloud.
If it's a sentence, then children must raise the correct card.
If it is not a sentence, then they raise the other card.
editing: Using spelling words, make pretend a student has
written their spelling sentences and it is the class' job to
correct them. Give each student a copy of the spelling
sentences and a red pen (or have them use a red crayon).
Students need to circle all the sentences that are not complete.
Then, on the bottom, students need to complete the sentences
sentence strips, write phrases that are sentences and incomplete
sentences. On the board or on a pocket chart, have two
columns with the headings Sentence and Not a Sentence.
Give each student a sentence strip. Have students place
the strips under the correct heading. To extend the
activity, as a class, complete the incomplete sentences
together, emphasizing capitalization and punctuation.
Subject and Predicates
Most teachers use
subject and predicate to teach the parts of sentences. Here
are some activities using subject and predicate.
Sentences: Create packets with subject, verb, and
predicates. EXAMPLE: The big
in a jar of jelly. Have
students choose one strip from each packet. Put the strips
together to form a silly sentence. Have them draw an
illustration and write the sentence underneath. Have them
circle the subject and underline the predicate.
The Five W's
The five w's are
who, what, where, when, and why. I teach my
students how to "diagram" sentences using the five w's. I
have found that it helps students create better sentences.
- Use a sentence with the
five w's to show how to create these sentences. An example is
The kids ran down the street today to see the parade.
- Have students trace
their hands on a piece of construction paper. On the palm
of the hand have them write the title "Five W's". Use dot
stickers and place on the tips of the construction paper
fingers. On each dot write a W word. This will help
students memorize the five w's.
- If you require your
students to write spelling sentences, have them use at least 3
w's to complete the sentences. Increase the required
number as the months go by.
- Have a contest that
requires them to write the longest sentences they can using the