"The ultimate goal of
guided reading is to help children learn how to use independent reading
Fountas and Su Pinnell, 1996
What is guided
Guided reading is
small group instruction in which the teacher "guides" students through a
text that is at the children's instructional reading level.
The role of the teacher is crucial in guided reading. Guided reading is
planned, focused instruction. The ultimate goal is to foster
How do I create my guided reading
running records to find the
instructional reading levels of each student using
leveled readers. I like
using Reading A-Z but you do have to pay for a subscription (in my
opinion worth every penny).
- Once you find each
students' reading level, group them according to level. You
may have groups as large as 6 or as small as 1. Make sure
groups are no bigger than 6 although 5 would be ideal. If
you do not want to have too many groups, try to group students'
with the closest levels possible.
Guided Reading Groups:
What materials do I need for
should try to have the following --
- Leveled readers (books)
- my school uses the Fountas & Pinnell system of leveling books so
our readers are scored from A-Z.
- Whisper phones --
pvc pipes that act as phones so students can whisper as they read.
Click on this
instructions on creating these phones (scroll to the bottom).
- Small magnetic
whiteboards and dry erase markers - teachers can use these
small boards to model a lesson or to have students do word work
- Magnetic letters -
can be used with white boards for word work.
- Record keeping system
- Binders, folders, index cards all make excellent records for
anecdotal notes, running records, and more.
Materials for GR:
the text - Teachers must make choose text that is on the
group's instructional reading level. That means that the text is
neither to easy nor too difficult for the children to read.
the text - Tap into children's background knowledge or provide
background knowledge of the text. Teachers should also
important ideas and concepts
do a picture
walk of the text
or theme of the story
point out new
children's attention to certain details important to the story
(i.e. use of verbs, punctuation, text features, etc.)
effective reading - Students read text individually, either
silently or whispering using whisper phones. Teacher listens in on
each student, providing guidance and support on strategies when
Sites on GR
There are many different strategies readers use. Guided reading is a
time to explicitly teach & reinforce the use of strategies.
for problem solving new words.
for detecting and correct errors.
for maintaining fluency
for self-monitoring and repair of comprehension (see
Fix-Up Strategies page).
Keep track of students' progress
through various assessments that can be completed during guided
Running records - can be quick
and easy to do when students are reading text during guided
- Retelling - students can
retell text read in GR.
- Anecdotal notes - keep
notes on each student when observing them read text independently
in the group.
- Comprehension Check - ask
students questions about the text they read to check for
Sites/Resources on GR Assessments:
More Great Sites
for Guided Reading